What is an STD?

It is a term that you would rather not think about too much and that you should take into account: SOA. The abbreviation stands for S.sexual Otolerable aandoening. Hier zijn vele verschillende soorten van, zoals:

  • Chlamydia
  • Gonorrhea
  • Genital warts
  • Herpes
  • Lues
  • A urethral infection
  • Hepatitis B
  • Scabies
  • HIV
  • Pubic lice
  • Trichomoniasis

Chlamydia en gonorroe komen het meeste voor. Symptomen lopen per aandoening heel erg uiteen: denk aan ongewone afscheiding, jeuk rond de geslachtsdelen en pijn bij het plassen. Heb je aanhoudend met één van deze verschijnselen te maken? Doe dan een test via SoaStudentArts.nl of overleg met je huisarts.

What is the chance of an STD?

The more often you have unsafe sex, the more likely you are to contract an STD. It's that simple. We notice that the number of tests is increasing among men who are sexually active with other men, but also among sex workers and young people under the age of 25. Therefore STDs are detected more quickly among these three target groups. On average, sexually transmitted diseases are actually found among more than 18% of the tests performed by general practitioners and STD clinics.

Dat lijkt een redelijk laag aantal, maar waan je daarom niet meteen veilig. Om te voorkomen dat je zelf een SOA oploopt of het overdraagt aan anderen, is het erg belangrijk dat seks niet alleen aangenaam maar ook veilig is.

What is the incubation period for an STD?

The incubation period of an STD says something about the period that elapses between the actual infection and the first clinical (ie laboratory-demonstrable) symptoms. The window phase indicates after which period an infection can be detected with sufficient certainty by testing. The incubation time and window phase according to NHG standards for chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis and HIV are shown below. In the case of complaints, however, it is always recommended to test earlier and if that test result is negative, it is recommended for chlamydia and gonorrhea to retest after 3 weeks and to retest after 3 months for syphilis and HIV.

Chlamydia
Chlamydia is the most common STD. The proportion of chlamydia in men and women is stable among general practitioners. Recent research shows that in Groningen 24% of the tests give a positive chlamydia result, so that's pratically a quarter of all tests!

Incubation time: 1-3 weeks
Windowfase: 3 weken

Gonorrhea
This STD mainly occurs in homosexual men. There is also an increase in the number of people being diagnosed with gonorrhea among general practitioners. This increase was mainly among people older than 25 years.

Incubation time: 2-14 days (average of 8 days)
Windowfase: 3 weken

Syphilis
Almost all cases (95%) of syphilis occur in homosexual men. The number of diagnosed cases among women and heterosexual men was extremely low in 2017.

Incubation time: 10-90 days
Windowfase: 3 maanden

HIV
In 2017, more than 1,000 new people with HIV came to the Dutch HIV treatment centers. The number of new HIV infections is slowly decreasing. Two thirds of HIV infections are diagnosed in homosexual men.

Incubation time: max. 3 months
Windowfase: 3 maanden

When should I take an STD test?

Het kan zijn dat je binnen een korte periode met één of meerdere partners onveilige seks hebt gehad. Misschien ben je over één van hen niet (helemaal) zeker of ervaar je klachten die overeenkomen met de voorbeelden die we hierboven hebben benoemd. In dat geval is het verstandig om contact op te nemen met je huisarts of bij ons een betrouwbare STD test to order. Ook kun je voor betrouwbare informatie terecht bij Thuisarts.nl and STI AIDS Netherlands.

Both men as women can contact us. As soon as it turns out that you actually have an STD, you've come to the right place for the best aftercare. For example, with us it is possible to request the necessary medication immediately and have it delivered to your home. We are also your point of contact if you have questions about the condition and what you can do best for successful treatment. Together we do everything we can to make you physically and mentally healthy again!